A healthy spine is a healthy body
The spine is one of the most important organs of our body — this is the rod that holds almost everything. To the spine fastens the head, limbs and ribs that form the rib cage which is a repository of vital internal organs. In addition to the load-bearing member, the spine also performs the function of the channel, which houses the spinal cord, and nerves depart from it managers absolutely all of our bodies.
Therefore, the normal functioning of the body largely depends on the condition of the spine. Many experts argue that the cause of most diseases is the disruption of the normal function of the spine. Posture and spinal disease inevitably lead to the destruction of the intervertebral discs and displacement of the vertebrae, which in turn leads to compression of the nerves extending from the respective sections of the spine. And since nerves carry feedback between the Central nervous system (CNS) and internal organs, the violation of this connection becomes the cause of violations in the work of individual organs and the whole organism.
What is the impact of destructive changes in the spine on the internal organs
As noted above, as a result of curvature and «subsidence» the spine, the distance between the vertebrae is reduced and this leads to compression of the nerves passing through the holes of the vertebral arches. Depending on what Department happened this squeezing of the problems start in the work of relevant bodies.
So if the nerves in the area of the cervical spine, it can lead to severe headaches, vision loss and numbness of the hands. Nerves extending from the thoracic spine control the activity of the digestive tract. and lumbar nerves are responsible for the work of the lower limbs. Literally through each vertebra the nerves that are associated with certain internal organs, and their pinched or compression will inevitably lead to malfunction of these organs.
The role of exercise in maintaining the functional state of the spine
To save the spine in working order, he (like the body), need exercise. It is physical activity provide the necessary tone the muscular system, which keeps the spine in the correct position, and create conditions for the nutrition of the intervertebral discs. If no physical activity, the muscles holding the spine in the correct position weaken, and this leads to various kinds of irregularities and curvature of the spine. In addition, due to the lack of regular physical activity, the blood circulation in the muscles and tissues surrounding the spine deteriorates, and it becomes the cause of eating disorders of intervertebral discs begin to collapse.
The fact that the spinal discs do not have their own capillary network and fed by diffusion (penetration) of nutrients from surrounding tissues. During movements of the spine, the force of compression of the intervertebral discs is not constant, it grows, it weakens. When compression of disks increases, the intradiscal pressure is increased, and a portion of the fluid from the intervertebral discs is squeezed into the surrounding tissue, and when the grip weakens, the intradiscal pressure is reduced, and, as a result of pressure difference, the liquid with nutrients absorbed from the surrounding tissue in the intervertebral discs.
The physical activity levels of the spine leads to the fact that the process of diffusion is slow, and reduced delivery of nutrients. This causes destructive changes that lead to disruption of the normal function of the spine. In order to avoid destructive changes in the spine, and to maintain their health. you need to regularly give him physical exercise.
Stretching the spine through specific exercises, we will provide good blood circulation in the surrounding muscles and tissues, which will nourish and spine, and strengthening the muscular system, we will provide the correct posture.
Specificity of exercise for the prevention and treatment of diseases of the spine
The specificity of such exercises is that the lowest compression of the intervertebral discs are exposed in the prone position. In the standing position, compression of the intervertebral discs increases, the compression feels the spine in the sitting position. The compression force of the intervertebral discs in the sitting position is 25% more compared to the power of compression in the standing position.
That is why a sedentary lifestyle is becoming a major disruptor of the normal working of the spine, and for this reason the most effective in the prevention and treatment of diseases of the spine are stretching and twisting of the spine performed in the supine position.
Another feature that influences the choice of exercises to strengthen the muscles holding the spine in the correct position, is that in close proximity to the spine are small deep-lying muscles that perform a protective function and are involved in the nutrition of the intervertebral discs. These small muscles and are also the corset, which protects the spine from damage and keeps it in the correct position, and through them is the diffusion of nutrients to the intervertebral discs. However, these muscles do not participate in the work during the execution of dynamic movements with large amplitude. To strengthen them use static exercise on hold poses, which involve small deep-lying muscles.
Any person, regardless of age, regularly doing stretching exercises of the spine and strengthening the muscles can greatly preserve the function of the spine, and to maintain health for many years. Below you can view our video about the health of the spine and exercise for prevention of destructive changes of the spine.